We present experimental evidence for the spontaneous formation of a macroscopic spin polarization in overlapping regions of two independent Bose-Einstein condensates produced in different hyperfine states of . The condensates are independent in the sense that we do not explicitly introduce a relative phase between them. A single “spin-tip” pulse maps the transverse spin polarization into longitudinal spin polarization, and the atomic density distributions are measured with a Stern-Gerlach imaging method. The resulting matter-wave interference patterns are anticorrelated.
- Received 15 June 2004
©2004 American Physical Society