Shock-Induced Transformation of Liquid Deuterium into a Metallic Fluid

P. M. Celliers, G. W. Collins, L. B. Da Silva, D. M. Gold, R. Cauble, R. J. Wallace, M. E. Foord, and B. A. Hammel
Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5564 – Published 12 June 2000
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Simultaneous measurements of shock velocity and optical reflectance at 1064, 808, and 404 nm of a high pressure shock front propagating through liquid deuterium show a continuous increase in reflectance from below 10% and saturating at (4060)% in the range of shock velocities from 12 to 20μm/ns (pressure range 17–50 GPa). The high optical reflectance is evidence that the shocked deuterium reaches a conducting state characteristic of a metallic fluid. Above 20μm/ns shock velocity (50 GPa pressure) reflectance is constant indicating that the transformation is substantially complete.

  • Received 9 November 1999


©2000 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

P. M. Celliers, G. W. Collins, L. B. Da Silva, D. M. Gold, R. Cauble, R. J. Wallace, M. E. Foord, and B. A. Hammel

  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551

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Vol. 84, Iss. 24 — 12 June 2000

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