Vortices in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

M. R. Matthews, B. P. Anderson, P. C. Haljan, D. S. Hall, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell
Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2498 – Published 27 September 1999
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Abstract

We have created vortices in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. The vortex state was created through a coherent process involving the spatial and temporal control of interconversion between the two components. Using an interference technique, we map the phase of the vortex state to confirm that it possesses angular momentum. We can create vortices in either of the two components and have observed differences in the dynamics and stability.

  • Received 6 August 1999

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.2498

©1999 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

M. R. Matthews, B. P. Anderson*, P. C. Haljan, D. S. Hall, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell

  • JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440

  • *Quantum Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
  • Present address: Department of Physics, Amherst College, Amherst, MA 01002.

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Vol. 83, Iss. 13 — 27 September 1999

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