Fusion reactions are initiated by capture of two incident nuclei to form a quasistable dinuclear complex. Excitation functions for such capture reactions have been measured in bombardments with on targets of , , , , , and . Compared with standard fusion models, based on the interaction of rigid spheres, the experiments show major deviations. These are explained by a dynamical model that takes deformations induced upon contact into account.
- Received 24 February 1981
©1981 American Physical Society