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Magnetic Field Blocks Two-Dimensional Crystallization in Strongly Coupled Plasmas

T. Ott, H. Löwen, and M. Bonitz
Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 065001 – Published 5 August 2013

Abstract

Crystallization in a two-dimensional strongly coupled plasma from a rapidly cooled fluid is found to be efficiently blocked by an external magnetic field. Beyond a threshold of the magnetic field strength B, the relaxation time to the equilibrium crystal increases exponentially with B, which is attributed to an impeded conversion of potential to kinetic energy. Our finding is opposed to the standard picture of two-dimensional freezing of one-component systems which does not exhibit a nucleation barrier and opens the way to keep two-dimensional fluids metastable over long times.

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  • Received 17 May 2013

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.065001

© 2013 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

T. Ott1,2, H. Löwen1, and M. Bonitz2

  • 1Institut für Theoretische Physik II: Weiche Materie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
  • 2Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Leibnizstraße 15, 24098 Kiel, Germany

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Issue

Vol. 111, Iss. 6 — 9 August 2013

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Heating up of Superconductors
January 27, 2017

This collection marks the 30th anniversary of the discovery of high-temperature superconductors. The papers selected highlight some of the advances that have been made to date, both in understanding why these compounds behave in the way they do, and in utilizing them in applications. The papers included in the collection have been made free to read.

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