Fractional Fermions with Non-Abelian Statistics

Jelena Klinovaja and Daniel Loss
Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 126402 – Published 19 March 2013

Abstract

We introduce a novel class of low-dimensional topological tight-binding models that allow for bound states that are fractionally charged fermions and exhibit non-Abelian braiding statistics. The proposed model consists of a double (single) ladder of spinless (spinful) fermions in the presence of magnetic fields. We study the system analytically in the continuum limit as well as numerically in the tight-binding representation. We find a topological phase transition with a topological gap that closes and reopens as a function of system parameters and chemical potential. The topological phase is of the type BDI and carries two degenerate midgap bound states that are localized at opposite ends of the ladders. We show numerically that these bound states are robust against a wide class of perturbations.

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  • Received 24 January 2013

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.126402

© 2013 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

Jelena Klinovaja and Daniel Loss

  • Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland

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Issue

Vol. 110, Iss. 12 — 22 March 2013

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