Capillary Wave Dynamics of Thin Polymer Films over Submerged Nanostructures

K. J. Alvine, Y. Dai, H. W. Ro, S. Narayanan, A. R. Sandy, C. L. Soles, and O. G. Shpyrko
Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 207801 – Published 13 November 2012
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Abstract

The surface dynamics of thin molten polystyrene films supported by nanoscale periodic silicon line-space gratings were investigated with x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. Surface dynamics over these nanostructures exhibit high directional anisotropy above certain length scales, as compared to surface dynamics over flat substrates. A cutoff length scale in the dynamics perpendicular to the grooves is observed. This marks a transition from standard over-damped capillary wave behavior to suppressed dynamics due to substrate interactions.

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  • Received 6 April 2012

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.207801

© 2012 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

K. J. Alvine1,2,*, Y. Dai3, H. W. Ro2, S. Narayanan4, A. R. Sandy4, C. L. Soles2,†, and O. G. Shpyrko3,‡

  • 1Energy and Environment Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington, 99352, USA
  • 2Polymers Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20878, USA
  • 3Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
  • 4X-Ray Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA

  • *kyle.alvine@pnnl.gov
  • csoles@nist.gov
  • oshpyrko@physics.ucsd.edu

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Issue

Vol. 109, Iss. 20 — 16 November 2012

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