A crucial requirement for quantum-information processing is the realization of multiple-qubit quantum gates. Here, we demonstrate an electron spin-based all-electrical two-qubit gate consisting of single-spin rotations and interdot spin exchange in a double quantum dot. A partially entangled output state is obtained by the application of the two-qubit gate to an initial, uncorrelated state. We find that the degree of entanglement is controllable by the exchange operation time. The approach represents a key step towards the realization of universal multiple-qubit gates.
- Received 18 March 2011
© 2011 American Physical Society