Experimental study of ppη dynamics in the ppppη reaction

P. Moskal et al.
Phys. Rev. C 69, 025203 – Published 18 February 2004

Abstract

A high statistics measurement of the ppppη reaction at an excess energy of Q=15.5MeV has been performed at the internal beam facility COSY-11. The stochastically cooled proton beam and the used detection system allowed to determine the momenta of the outgoing protons with a precision of 4MeVc(σ) in the center-of-mass frame. The determination of the four-momentum vectors of both outgoing protons allowed to derive the complete kinematical information of the ηpp system. An unexpectedly large enhancement of the occupation density in the kinematical regions of low proton-η relative momenta is observed. A description taking the proton-proton and the η-proton interaction into account and assuming an on-shell incoherent pairwise interaction among the produced particles fails to explain this strong effect. Its understanding will require a rigorous three-body approach to the ppη system and the precise determination of contributions from higher partial waves. We also present an invariant mass spectrum of the proton-proton system determined at Q=4.5MeV. Interestingly, the enhancement at large relative momenta between protons is visible also at such a small excess energy. In contrast to all other determined angular distributions, the orientation of the emission plane with respect to the beam direction is extracted to be anisotropic.

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  • Received 4 July 2003

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.69.025203

©2004 American Physical Society

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Vol. 69, Iss. 2 — February 2004

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