We analyze the use of layered superconductors as strongly anisotropic metamaterials, which can possess negative-refractive-index in a wide frequency range. Superconductors are of particular interest because they have the potential to support low losses, which is critical for applications such as super-resolution imaging. We show that low- (-wave) superconductors can be used to construct layered heterostructures with low losses for . However, the real part of their in-plane effective permittivity is very large, making coupling into the structure difficult. Moreover, even at low temperatures, layered high- superconductors have a large in-plane normal conductivity, producing large losses (due to -wave symmetry). Therefore, it is difficult to enhance the evanescent modes in either low- or high- superconductors.
- Received 21 December 2009
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