#### Abstract

Dynamical quantum-cluster approaches, such as different cluster extensions of the dynamical mean-field theory (cluster DMFT) or the variational cluster approximation (VCA), combined with efficient cluster solvers, such as the quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) method, provide controlled approximations of the single-particle Green’s function for lattice models of strongly correlated electrons. To access the thermodynamics, however, a thermodynamical potential is needed. We present an efficient numerical algorithm to compute the grand potential within cluster-embedding approaches that are based on novel continuous-time QMC schemes. It is shown that the numerically exact cluster grand potential can be obtained from a quantum Wang-Landau technique to reweight the coefficients in the expansion of the partition function. The lattice contributions to the grand potential are computed by a proper infinite summation over Matsubara frequencies. A proof of principle is given by applying the VCA to antiferromagnetic (short-range) order in the two-dimensional Hubbard model at finite temperatures.

1 More- Received 7 August 2009

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.80.195118

©2009 American Physical Society