We report on high-field magnetization measurements for a number of layered vanadium phosphates that were recently recognized as spin- frustrated square lattice compounds with ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor couplings and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor couplings . The saturation fields of the materials lie in the range from 4 to 24 T and show excellent agreement with the previous estimates of the exchange couplings deduced from low-field thermodynamic measurements. The consistency of the high-field data with the regular frustrated square lattice model provides experimental evidence for a weak impact of spatial anisotropy on the nearest-neighbor couplings in layered vanadium phosphates. The variation in the ratio within the compound family facilitates the experimental access to the evolution of the magnetization curve upon the change in the frustration magnitude. Our results support the recent theoretical prediction by Thalmeier et al. [Phys. Rev. B 77, 104441 (2008)] and give evidence for the enhanced bending of the magnetization curves due to the increasing frustration of the underlying spin system.
- Received 2 July 2009
©2009 American Physical Society