Field-effect mobility and its activation energy in disordered inorganic and organic semiconductor thin-film transistors is strongly dependent on bias conditions. This implies a nonlinear dependence of conductivity on carrier concentration, which stems from the high density of trapped carriers while only a few contribute to conduction. When is extracted from measurement data, the nonlinear conductivity-concentration dependence is averaged over the semiconducting film. Consequently, becomes mingled with device attributes such as gate capacitance in addition to terminal bias, which undermines the physical interpretation of and subsequent comparison of measured values for different devices and different semiconductors. This paper presents an effective mobility description at a reference carrier concentration, which separates the physical conductivity-concentration dependence from the device and bias attributes, enabling comparison of carrier transport in disordered semiconductors. In particular, by using the generalized concept of mobility edge and exponential band tails we show that can be applied to a wide range of inorganic and organic semiconductors. Indeed, three parameters, viz., , exponential band tail slope , and bias-independent activation energy of , can describe carrier transport in the transistor together with its bias and temperature dependence.
- Received 25 April 2006
©2006 American Physical Society