We investigate numerically the ground state phase diagram of the one-dimensional extended Hubbard model, including an on-site interaction U and a nearest-neighbor interaction V. We focus on the ground state phases of the model in the region, where previous studies have suggested the possibility of dominant superconducting pairing fluctuations before the system phase separates at a critical value Using quantum Monte Carlo methods on lattices much larger than in previous Lanczös diagonalization studies, we determine the boundary of phase separation, the Luttinger-liquid correlation exponent and other correlation functions in this region. We find that phase separation occurs for V significantly smaller than previously reported. In addition, for negative U, we find that a uniform state reenters from phase separation as the electron density is increased towards half filling. For our results show that superconducting fluctuations are not dominant. The system behaves asymptotically as a Luttinger liquid with but we also find strong low-energy (but gapped) charge-density fluctuations at a momentum not expected for a standard Luttinger liquid.
- Received 1 October 1998
©1999 American Physical Society