We present a simple procedure to generate first-principles norm-conserving pseudopotentials, which are designed to be smooth and therefore save computational resources when used with a plane-wave basis. We found that these pseudopotentials are extremely efficient for the cases where the plane-wave expansion has a slow convergence, in particular, for systems containing first-row elements, transition metals, and rare-earth elements. The wide applicability of the pseudopotentials are exemplified with plane-wave calculations for copper, zinc blende, diamond, α-quartz, rutile, and cerium.
- Received 3 August 1990
©1991 American Physical Society