#### Abstract

The anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, $\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{}(g-2\mathrm{})\mathrm{}$, is computed using dispersion theory. The analytic continuation is made in the mass of one of the external electron lines and only the one-electron one-photon states are retained in the absorptive amplitude. In this way we relate $g-2\mathrm{}$ to the Compton amplitude which has a known *exact* threshold behavior. Our approximation is an expansion in the low-energy behavior rather than a perturbation expansion in powers of 1/137, and we are able to show that a major contribution to $g-2\mathrm{}$ comes from the low-mass region of the electron-photon system near the threshold of the absorptive amplitude. First, in a purely nonrelativistic calculation, we find that a major part of the $\frac{\alpha}{2\pi}$ correction is accounted for by the Thomson limit. Further refining our calculation by including the exact residue of the pole terms in the Compton amplitude in accord with the low-energy theorem on Compton scattering, we find that electron-photon states below $2.5m{c}^{2}$ in the absorptive amplitude reproduce 90% of the $\frac{-0.328\mathrm{}{\alpha}^{2}}{{\pi}^{2}}$ contribution and predict a value of $\sim \frac{+0.15\mathrm{}{\alpha}^{3}}{{\pi}^{3}}$ for the sixth-order term. We also give a simple physical interpretation of the difference of the muon and electron $g-2\mathrm{}$ values. Finally we calculate with this approach the anomalous magnetic moments of the proton and neutron, with the Kroll-Ruderman theorem on meson photoproduction providing the low-energy "anchor" in this case. Again retaining only the low-mass region of the absorptive amplitude, we obtain fair agreement with the magnitude and the isovector character of the moments, finding $\Delta {\mu}^{P}\approx 0.7\left(\Delta {\mu}_{\mathrm{expt}}\right)$ and $\Delta {\mu}^{N}\approx 0.9\left(\Delta {\mu}_{\mathrm{expt}}\right)$.

- Received 14 June 1965

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.140.B397

©1965 American Physical Society