Report to the American Physical Society by the study group on nuclear fuel cycles and waste management

Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, S1 – Published 1 January 1978
L. Charles Hebel, Eldon L. Christensen, Fred A. Donath, Warren E. Falconer, Leon J. Lidofsky, Ernest J. Moniz, Thomas H. Moss, Robert L. Pigford, Thomas H. Pigford, Gene I. Rochlin, Robert H. Silsbee, McDonald E. Wrenn, Hans Frauenfelder, Theodore L. Cairns, W. K. H. Panofsky, and M. Gene Simmons (APS Study Group Participants, APS Council Review Committee)


Utilization of nuclear fuels and management of nuclear wastes have become major topics of public discussion. Under the auspices of the American Physical Society this study was undertaken as an independent evaluation of technical issues in the use of fissionable materials in nuclear fuel cycles, together with their principal economic, environmental, health and safety implications. Reprocessing and recycling in light water reactors were examined, along with technical measures proposed as possible safeguards; advanced reactor fuel cycles were also studied for their resource and safeguards implications. Much of the work of the group centered on the principal alternatives for disposal of radioactive wastes and control of effluents. The group examined the research and development programs sponsored by government agencies along with associated relationships among agencies and between government and private industry. Available information was also considered on nuclear fuel resources, and on important economic and environmental aspects of the various fuel cycles in order to strive for a balanced comparative study. The report presents many conclusions on various aspects of the nuclear fuel cycles and also provides recommendations concerning present utilization and future improvement of fuel cycle technology.


© 1977 American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

(APS Study Group Participants)

L. Charles Hebel

  • Xerox Corporation, Palo Alto, California 94304

Eldon L. Christensen

  • Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, University of California, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545

Fred A. Donath

  • University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801

Warren E. Falconer

  • Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974

Leon J. Lidofsky

  • Columbia University, New York, New York 10027

Ernest J. Moniz

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachussetts 02139

Thomas H. Moss

  • Staff, U.S.House of Representatives and (formerly, IBM Research and Columbia University)

Robert L. Pigford

  • University of Delaware, Newark, Deleware 19711

Thomas H. Pigford

  • University of California, Berkeley, California 94720

Gene I. Rochlin

  • University of California, Berkeley, Calfornia 94720

Robert H. Silsbee

  • Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14850

McDonald E. Wrenn

  • New York University Medical Center, Tuxedo, New York 10987

(APS Council Review Committee)

Hans Frauenfelder

  • University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801

Theodore L. Cairns

  • E. I. duPont de Nemours, Wilmington, Delware 19898

W. K. H. Panofsky

  • Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford California 94305

M. Gene Simmons

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139

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