The olivine-spinel phase transition in fayalite at high pressure and temperature has been studied using time-resolved x-ray diffraction. Structure refinements show a delay of cation reordering relative to anions during the phase transformation and an increase in the cell volume while the cations reorder into their sites. A significant stress drop in the sample is observed. This experiment, for the first time, quantitatively demonstrates a pseudomartensitic transformation: a diffusionless anion sublattice transition coupled with short-range diffusional cation reordering.
- Received 26 September 2000
- Published in the issue dated 30 April 2001
© 2001 The American Physical Society