We study the nonequilibrium state of heat conduction in a one-dimensional system of hard point particles of unequal masses interacting through elastic collisions. A BBGKY-type formulation is presented and some exact results are obtained from it. Extensive numerical simulations for the two-mass problem indicate that, even for arbitrarily small mass differences, a nontrivial steady state is obtained. This state exhibits local thermal equilibrium and has a temperature profile as predicted by kinetic theory. The temperature jumps typically seen in such studies are shown to be finite-size effects. The thermal conductivity appears to have a very slow divergence with system size, different from that seen in most other systems.
- Received 7 August 2000
- Published in the issue dated 16 April 2001
© 2001 The American Physical Society