Watching a Superfluid Untwist Itself: Recurrence of Rabi Oscillations in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3358 – Published 25 October 1999
M. R. Matthews, B. P. Anderson, P. C. Haljan, D. S. Hall, M. J. Holland, J. E. Williams, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell

Abstract

The order parameter of a condensate with two internal states can continuously distort in such a way as to remove twists that have been imposed along its length. We observe this effect experimentally in the collapse and recurrence of Rabi oscillations in a magnetically trapped, two-component Bose-Einstein condensate of 87Rb.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.3358

  • Received 16 June 1999
  • Published in the issue dated 25 October 1999

© 1999 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

M. R. Matthews, B. P. Anderson, P. C. Haljan, D. S. Hall, M. J. Holland, J. E. Williams, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornell*

  • JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440

  • *Quantum Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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