Prior entanglement between sender and receiver, which exactly doubles the classical capacity of a noiseless quantum channel, can increase the classical capacity of some noisy quantum channels by an arbitrarily large constant factor depending on the channel, relative to the best known classical capacity achievable without entanglement. The enhancement factor is greatest for very noisy channels, with positive classical capacity but zero quantum capacity. We obtain exact expressions for the entanglement-assisted capacity of depolarizing and erasure channels in dimensions.
- Received 19 May 1999
- Published in the issue dated 11 October 1999
© 1999 The American Physical Society