Direct Observation of Shear-Induced Structures in Wormlike Micellar Solutions by Freeze-Fracture Electron Microscopy

Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2725 – Published 23 March 1998
S. L. Keller, P. Boltenhagen, D. J. Pine, and J. A. Zasadzinski

Abstract

We report the first direct observation of shear-induced structures in low concentration wormlike micellar solutions. The structures consist of micron-sized patches which are much larger than individual equilibrium micelles and occupy 5%–10% of the fracture area. Such morphologies are consistent with recent reports of increased light scattering under shear flow. The structures have a stippled or spongelike texture and contain more surfactant than the background micellar solution. These patches form aggregates spanning hundreds of microns and are consistent with the shear thickening observed in these systems.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.2725

  • Received 2 July 1997
  • Published in the issue dated 23 March 1998

© 1998 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

S. L. Keller1, P. Boltenhagen2, D. J. Pine1, and J. A. Zasadzinski1

  • 1Departments of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5080
  • 2L.U.D.F.C. URA no. 851 CNRS, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, 67070 Strasbourg Cedex, France

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