Analytic study of the off-diagonal mass generation for Yang-Mills theories in the maximal Abelian gauge

Phys. Rev. D 70, 114038 – Published 30 December 2004
D. Dudal, J. A. Gracey, V. E. R. Lemes, M. S. Sarandy, R. F. Sobreiro, S. P. Sorella, and H. Verschelde


We investigate a dynamical mass generation mechanism for the off-diagonal gluons and ghosts in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories, quantized in the maximal Abelian gauge. Such a mass can be seen as evidence for the Abelian dominance in that gauge. It originates from the condensation of a mixed gluon-ghost operator of mass dimension two, which lowers the vacuum energy. We construct an effective potential for this operator by a combined use of the local composite operators technique with the algebraic renormalization and we discuss the gauge parameter independence of the results. We also show that it is possible to connect the vacuum energy, due to the mass dimension-two condensate discussed here, with the nontrivial vacuum energy originating from the condensate Aμ2, which has attracted much attention in the Landau gauge.


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  • Received 16 June 2004
  • Published 30 December 2004

© 2004 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

D. Dudal1,*, J. A. Gracey2,†, V. E. R. Lemes3,‡, M. S. Sarandy4,§, R. F. Sobreiro3,**, S. P. Sorella3,††, and H. Verschelde1,‡‡

  • 1Ghent University, Department of Mathematical Physics and Astronomy, Krijgslaan 281-S9, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
  • 2Theoretical Physics Division, Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Liverpool, P. O. Box 147, Liverpool, L69 3BX, United Kingdom
  • 3UERJ—Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 4Chemical Physics Theory Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3H6, Canada

  • *Research Assistant of the Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders (Belgium)Electronic address:
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