General Theory of Broken Local Symmetries

Phys. Rev. D 7, 1068 – Published 15 February 1973
Steven Weinberg


A general formalism for theories with spontaneously broken local symmetries is developed in the unitarity gauge. The canonical quantization procedure is carried out, leading to a set of Lorentz-covariant Feynman rules. Various special topics are discussed.


  • Received 4 October 1972
  • Published in the issue dated 15 February 1973

© 1973 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

Steven Weinberg

  • Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


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