Specific entropy and the sign of the energy

Phys. Rev. D 26, 950 – Published 15 August 1982
Jacob D. Bekenstein


The second law in the context of black holes restricts the specific entropy of an arbitrary system of given size; this limitation cannot be avoided by appealing to the buoyant effects of black-hole radiation. Quantum statistics sets a similar bound for field systems with positive ground energies. Examples of fields with negative vacuum energies have recently been adduced against the bound on specific entropy. We stress that the bound still holds if applied to a complete system.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.26.950

  • Received 30 July 1981
  • Published in the issue dated 15 August 1982

© 1982 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

Jacob D. Bekenstein

  • Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, 84105 Israel


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