Medium effects on binary collisions with the Δ resonance

Phys. Rev. C 54, 1350 – Published 1 September 1996
T.-S. H. Lee


To facilitate the relativistic heavy-ion calculations based on transport equations, the binary collisions involving a Δ resonance in either the entrance channel or the exit channel are investigated within a Hamiltonian formulation of πNN interactions. An averaging procedure is developed to define a quasiparticle Δ* and to express the experimentally measured NN→πNN cross section in terms of an effective NNNΔ* cross section. In contrast to previous works, the main feature of the present approach is that the mass and the momentum of the produced Δ*’s are calculated dynamically from the bare Δ⇆πN vertex interaction of the model Hamiltonian and are constrained by the unitarity condition. The procedure is then extended to define the effective cross sections for the experimentally inaccessible NΔ*→NN and NΔ*→NΔ* reactions. The predicted cross sections are significantly different from what are commonly assumed in relativistic heavy-ion calculations. The Δ potential in nuclear matter has been calculated by using a Bruckner-Hartree-Fock approximation. By including the mean-field effects on the Δ propagation, the effective cross sections of the NNNΔ*, NΔ*→NN and NΔ*→NΔ* reactions in nuclear matter are predicted. It is demonstrated that the density dependence is most dramatic in the energy region close to the pion production threshold. © 1996 The American Physical Society.


  • Received 20 February 1996
  • Published in the issue dated September 1996

© 1996 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

T.-S. H. Lee

  • Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439-4843

References (Subscription Required)

Authorization Required


Download & Share

PDF Export Citing Articles (2)



Log In



Article Lookup
Paste a citation or DOI

Enter a citation
  1. Enter a citation to look up or terms to search.

    Ex: "PRL 112 068103", "Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 068103", "10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.068103"