High-pressure x-ray-diffraction studies have been carried out upto 20 GPa on iron-filled multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). The pressure dependence of the intertubular spacing of the filled MWNTs shows a sharp change at 9 GPa which is not observed in pristine MWNTs. The iron present as nanowires inside the MWNT is in the form of α-Fe and Both of these phases show higher compressibility than their bulk form. Most interestingly, the structural modification of MWNTs at 9 GPa coincides with an iso-structural phase transition in the encapsulated in sharp contrast to the absence of a transition in the bulk upto 70 GPa.
- Received 8 September 2003
- Revised 12 January 2004
- Published 27 April 2004
© 2004 The American Physical Society