Universal statistics of transport in disordered conductors

Phys. Rev. B 51, 4079 – Published 15 February 1995
Hyunwoo Lee, L. S. Levitov, and A. Yu. Yakovets

Abstract

We study electron counting statistics of a disordered conductor in the low-temperature limit. We derive an expression for the distribution of charge transmitted over a finite time interval by using a result from the random-matrix theory. In the metallic regime, the peak of the distribution is Gaussian and shows negligible sample-to-sample variations. On the contrary, the tails of the distribution are neither Gaussian nor Poisson-like and exhibit strong sample-to-sample variations.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.51.4079

  • Received 22 September 1994
  • Published in the issue dated 15 February 1995

© 1995 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

Hyunwoo Lee

  • Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139

L. S. Levitov

  • Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139
  • Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, 2 Kosygin Street, Moscow 117334, Russia

A. Yu. Yakovets

  • Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, 2 Kosygin Street, Moscow 117334, Russia

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