Gravitomagnetism and magnetic permeability in superconductors

Phys. Rev. B 49, 704 – Published 1 January 1994
Mark Kowitt


Li and Torr [Phys. Rev. B 46, 5489 (1992)] have developed theoretical models to estimate the magnitude of gravitomagnetic effects in superconductors. The magnitude deduced, however, is grossly overestimated, because the authors have misinterpreted the meaning of the magnetic permeability, μ, as it is commonly used by experimentalists describing the Meissner effect in bulk superconducting samples. The authors have also proposed flawed models of the microscopic dynamics of superconductors to support their error. Ambiguity in the common usage of the magnetization field (M), magnetic susceptibility (χ), and permeability (μ), to describe the macroscopic and microscopic behavior of superconductors is partly to blame; a simple heuristic model is presented here to clarify the meaning of these terms.


  • Received 10 May 1993
  • Published in the issue dated 1 January 1994

© 1994 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

Mark Kowitt

  • BDM Federal, Inc., 9705 Patuxent Woods Drive, Columbia, Maryland 21046

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