Quantum jumps between dressed states: A proposed cavity-QED test using feedback

Phys. Rev. A 67, 042106 – Published 11 April 2003
J. E. Reiner, H. M. Wiseman, and H. Mabuchi

Abstract

A strongly driven cavity containing a single resonant strongly coupled atom exhibits a phase bistability. The phase of the field is strongly correlated with the phase of the atomic dipole. It has been shown previously that phase-sensitive monitoring of the field emitted by the cavity would induce conditional quantum jumps between orthogonal atomic dipole states (“dressed” states). Here we show that such monitoring can be used to fix the atom into a single dressed state. As soon as a state-changing quantum jump is inferred from the measurement of the field, the atomic state is flipped using a π pulse. We study this feedback scheme analytically and numerically. We show that the occupation probability of the desired fixed state can be as high as 1-1/8ηC1, where C11 is the single-atom cooperativity and η the detection efficiency (which does not have to be close to unity). The control of the atomic dynamics is manifest in the fluorescence spectrum. The widths of all three peaks are modified from the usual Mollow spectrum, and almost all of the area under one of the sidebands is transferred to the other sideband. This is as expected, as one of the dressed states is essentially unoccupied, and transitions out of it do not occur. In addition, the width of the central peak goes to zero. This indicates coherent scattering due to the nonzero mean atomic dipole created by the feedback.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.67.042106

  • Received 4 November 2002
  • Published 11 April 2003

© 2003 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

J. E. Reiner

  • Centre for Quantum Dynamics, School of Science, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Australia
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800

H. M. Wiseman

  • Centre for Quantum Dynamics, School of Science, Griffith University, Brisbane 4111, Australia

H. Mabuchi

  • Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics 12-33, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125

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