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The Particle Problem in the General Theory of Relativity

Phys. Rev. 48, 73 – Published 1 July 1935
A. Einstein and N. Rosen


The writers investigate the possibility of an atomistic theory of matter and electricity which, while excluding singularities of the field, makes use of no other variables than the gμν of the general relativity theory and the ϕμ of the Maxwell theory. By the consideration of a simple example they are led to modify slightly the gravitational equations which then admit regular solutions for the static spherically symmetric case. These solutions involve the mathematical representation of physical space by a space of two identical sheets, a particle being represented by a "bridge" connecting these sheets. One is able to understand why no neutral particles of negative mass are to be found. The combined system of gravitational and electromagnetic equations are treated similarly and lead to a similar interpretation. The most natural elementary charged particle is found to be one of zero mass. The many-particle system is expected to be represented by a regular solution of the field equations corresponding to a space of two identical sheets joined by many bridges. In this case, because of the absence of singularities, the field equations determine both the field and the motion of the particles. The many-particle problem, which would decide the value of the theory, has not yet been treated.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.48.73

  • Received 8 May 1935
  • Published in the issue dated July 1935

© 1935 The American Physical Society

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Published 25 March 2005

Authors & Affiliations

A. Einstein and N. Rosen

  • Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

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