Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality be Considered Complete?

Phys. Rev. 48, 696 – Published 15 October 1935
N. Bohr


It is shown that a certain "criterion of physical reality" formulated in a recent article with the above title by A. Einstein, B. Podolsky and N. Rosen contains an essential ambiguity when it is applied to quantum phenomena. In this connection a viewpoint termed "complementarity" is explained from which quantum-mechanical description of physical phenomena would seem to fulfill, within its scope, all rational demands of completeness.


  • Received 13 July 1935
  • Published in the issue dated October 1935

© 1935 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

N. Bohr

  • Institute for Theoretical Physics, University, Copenhagen

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