Thermal Agitation of Electric Charge in Conductors

Phys. Rev. 32, 110 – Published 1 July 1928
H. Nyquist


The electromotive force due to thermal agitation in conductors is calculated by means of principles in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. The results obtained agree with results obtained experimentally.


  • Received 1 April 1928
  • Published in the issue dated July 1928

© 1928 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

H. Nyquist

  • American Telephone and Telegraph Company

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