The interaction of a quantum system with an oscillating field is studied in a formalism which replaces the semiclassical time-dependent Hamiltonian with a time-independent Hamiltonian represented by an infinite matrix. The formalism is developed as a mathematical equivalent to the semiclassical treatment, and interpreted as a classical approximation to the quantum treatment of the field. Combined with a perturbation theory for two nearly degenerate states, the formalism provides a convenient method for determining resonance transition probabilities including frequency shifts and multiple quantum transitions. The theory is illustrated by a detailed study of the simple case of a two-state system excited by a strong oscillating field.
- Received 8 November 1963
- Revised 18 January 1965
- Published in the issue dated May 1965
© 1965 The American Physical Society