Birefringence of the Vacuum

Phys. Rev. 135, B1279 – Published 7 September 1964
James J. Klein and B. P. Nigam

Abstract

It is known that Maxwell's equations become nonlinear if the effect of virtual electron-positron pair creation is included. The vacuum, thus behaving like a polarizable continuum, is shown to exhibit the phenomenon of birefringence.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.135.B1279

  • Received 27 April 1964
  • Published in the issue dated September 1964

© 1964 The American Physical Society

Authors & Affiliations

James J. Klein and B. P. Nigam

  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York

References (Subscription Required)

Authorization Required


×
×

Images

×

Log In

Cancel
×

Search


Article Lookup
Paste a citation or DOI

Enter a citation
×
  1. Enter a citation to look up or terms to search.

    Ex: "PRL 112 068103", "Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 068103", "10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.068103"