The perturbation series for the ground-state energy of a many-fermion system is investigated to arbitrary order for the "isotropic" case. This is the case of over-all spherical symmetry, both in the interaction and in the unperturbed single particle energies. It is shown that for spin one-half fermions the Brueckner-Goldstone perturbation series is valid to all orders in the perturbation. For spins greater than one-half it is in general incorrect even in the isotropic case, unless the interactions are spin independent.
The discussion to arbitrary order in the interaction is carried out by means of a Feynman-like propagator formalism, which is developed in detail.
- Received 7 January 1960
- Published in the issue dated June 1960
© 1960 The American Physical Society